Founded in 1938 as the Agricultural Experimental and Control Station in Novi Sad, the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops has grown into the institution that acquired status of National Institute in May 2018. The Institute became the leading institution in the country, but also gained an international reputation. Presently, the Institute has eight Departments: Small Grains Department, Maize Department, Sunflower Department, Department of Rapeseed and Other Industrial Crops, Forage Crops Department, Vegetable Crops Department, Soybean Department, Department of Alternative Crops and Organic Production, two Accredited laboratories for Seed Testing and for Soil and Agroecology, as well as two Service-providing units. The Institute conducts research in biotechnology, genetics and breeding, seed production, microbiology, physiology, biochemistry, agrochemistry, soil amelioration, phytopathology, entomology, phytopharmacy and toxicology. The Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops has a strong scientific team of 100 PhD researchers, assisted by more than 300 highly educated and diverse workers, which guarantees the quality of everything the Institute has to offer – seeds, technology, education and services. Numerous breeding programs, in creating cultivars and hybrids of field and vegetable crops, forage and industrial crops, medicinal plants, and spices, place IFVCNS in the forefront of the Serbian and international agricultural science. Over the 80 years of its existence, the breeders of the Institute have created over 1500 varieties and hybrids, of which more than 1000 have been registered and are being cultivated abroad. Institutional varieties and hybrids have been registered and grown in over 30 countries, including Russia, Iran, Argentina, France, England, India, Kazakhstan, Germany, China, Moldova, the Czech Republic, Turkey, Greece, Canada, Morocco, Bosnia and Herzegovina. In breeding of 50 plant species so far, the emphasis is on achieving high yields, top quality, as well as resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses. In addition to breeding, the Institute also develops technology for growing its own assortment. The results of scientific research are put into practice in many ways: through seeds, soil cultivation technology, technology of cultivation of individual cultivars and hybrids and their protection against diseases, pests and weeds. As a state-owned institution under the authority of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia, the Institute conducts numerous research projects supported by the state and participates in various international projects. In addition to scientific research work, the Institute has a highly developed publishing activity which is reflected in the publishing of scientific journals, books, monographs and textbooks. The Institute’s scientific production includes more than 10,000 results published in numerous national and international journals. The Institute is currently the publisher of two national journals and co-publisher of the international journal Genetics, the national journal Selection and Seed Science and sponsor of the international journal Legume Perspectives.